Hello and welcome back! to ‘Part 2’ of my blog series
Getting off Auto Mode…Let’s Get Creative!
Welcome to Part 2, In ‘part 1’ we covered ISO I hope this helped you start to understand your camera more, if you missed it…not to worry you can read it here….Getting Off Auto Mode..Let’s Get Creative! ISO Explained. Part 1 By Faye Neal Photography.
Now that you understand abit about ISO and how this can show in your pictures, we can start with the first step in getting off your camera’s auto mode. So as before….let’s keep this short and sweet!
Today we are going to talk about Shutter Speed Priority, the will be ‘S’ on your camera’s command dial. Every camera is different so your dial could be on either side of your viewfinder, on mine it is to the left….
What is your Camera’s Shutter?
A Camera’s Shutter is the same in all DSLR’s, no matter what model/make you use…..it works the same way. In front of your camera’s sensor is a curtain called a Shutter, this curtain works as all curtains do….it opens…it closes. This curtain will stay closed until you take your picture by pressing the shutter button, when you do, it will open and fully expose the sensor to light. Depending on settings you use, will depend on how fast or slow this happens and how much light you let in…naturally the faster this happens, the less light you are letting in to your camera.
let’s go on to ‘S’ mode and try this.
Your shutter settings look like this…
1/2 1/6 1/25 1/50 1/100 1/125 1/200 1/250 1/500 and so on…
The lower the number, the slower the shutter…..you let in more light.
The higher the number, the faster the shutter….you let in less light.
Slower Shutter Speeds Explained.
The Pros….So you are using a slower shutter speed, this can have benefits in many different ways, you might want to take some shots of waterfalls and want the water so show movement. It can be useful when doing traffic at night, showing light moving across the frame, perhaps you want to show how fast your subject is moving, all the while keeping your main subject sharp. You can blur the background by panning with your camera.
The Cons…When you want to freeze the action, slower speeds are no good, you will just end up with a photo of blur. When doing action photography like Equestrian events, Sports, Car races etc, you want to freeze the action as it happens. You may want to do photography for a children’s party or take pictures of your children running around in the garden, and don’t want to miss the moment. Slower speeds are not ideal, with plenty if natural light available outside, up the shutter speed bit and get those pictures in focus.
In this Image to the right…My Shutter speed was a little slow allowing more light to enter and making my subject out of focus. If I had used a tripod this may of been less of an issue, but by increase the shutter speed up I would of got a sharp image, a little less light, which is ok as its a bit over exposed!
Another example of a slow shutter speed, In this Image my subject is completely out of focus, making it a figure of blur…its effective to show movement but in this one it’s a little to blurry for my liking.
Faster Shutter Speeds Explained.
The Pros…Using a faster speed can be great for action, outdoor events and those moments that just pass by to quick! yes…that happens a lot. When out shooting horse events, I want to get the horse at the perk of the jump, and super sharp. These moments are over before you can blink, so a faster shutter here is essential for this. You may be wanting to do some portraits, but forgot your tripod. Shooting handheld can cause ‘Camera Shake’ so the faster the shutter the less this will be an issue.
The Cons…Light can be an issue, with a faster speed you are not letting in as much light. This is more of a problem when you also need a small aperture, like in landscape photography, you want the whole depth of the photo in focus. Its all about balancing the Exposure Triangle, ISO, Shutter Speed and Aperture..once you have all these, you can find a starting point and just tweek as you go.
Remember to take your camera’s ISO off Auto, most camera’s are set to auto in ISO, you can change this in your camera’s menu. If you feel more comfortable leaving it on for now…then do so. Once you feel ready to take it off, set to ISO 100 and use that as your staring point, most of the time you will be fine leaving it on this, and learning to tweek the other two to get the correct exposure.
Great well I think that will get you going..have fun and post your pic’s in the comments, looking forward to seeing them!
Next up Part 3…Getting Off Auto Mode..Let’s Get Creative! Aperture Explained. By Faye Neal Photography.